What’s the next step of urban night economy? 2023 Nightlife Index Ranking Released

Since 2017, CBN New First-tier Cities Research Institute has continuously released the "Knowledge City Nightlife Index" to observe the activity of different cities at night, and whether this city can provide people with convenient conditions for nightlife, and also provide support for business decision-making of night format and related city research.

In the 2023 Urban Nightlife Index, we continue.The evaluation model of six data dimensions, including night trips, the number of bars, the number of livehouse, night lighting, night movies and night bus, makes a quantitative evaluation of the level and characteristics of night economic development in 337 cities at or above the prefecture level in China.

Subjective weighting calculation is adopted according to the importance of each dimension, and the specific calculation methods of the data of the above six dimensions are as follows: 

Night travel activity ×0.2

+Number of bars ×0.2

+number of +livehouse ×0.2

+Night light intensity ×0.15

+Night movie activity ×0.15

+Night activity of urban public transport ×0.1

= nightlife index

As a whole, except Qingdao and Hefei, there are 17 first-tier and new first-tier cities in the top 20 of the nightlife index. The other three seats in the top 20 are Foshan, Nanning and Xiamen.From the distribution of the north and the south, besides Beijing, Xi ‘an, Tianjin and Zhengzhou are among the top 20 cities in the north.

Night economy is usually composed of some offline formats with strong purposeful consumption. When we talk about the night economy, the scene that is often directly related is that people go to a place with a destination and spend money. In this context, whether it is shopping malls, markets, restaurants, bars, livehouse, cinemas and other cultural and leisure places, or night-friendly public transportation networks such as subways and buses, these offline facilities provide basic protection for urban people to be active at night.

Bar is a typical night format. Judging from this year’s data, Chengdu and Shenzhen are particularly worth mentioning.

In 2017, when the New First-tier City Research Institute launched the nightlife index for the first time, the number of bars in Chengdu was second only to Shanghai. By 2019, it surpassed Shanghai to rank first, and this year, it expanded its leading edge by more than 13% of the bars in Shanghai.

Another city, Shenzhen, ranked seventh in 2017 and sixth in 2019. This year, with 2063 bars, it jumped to the third place in the country. The number of bars has increased by more than 70% compared with 2017, making it the city with the largest increase in the number of bars.

The newly opened bars in the past year have two characteristics: First, a large number of taverns and craft bars have emerged, and among the newly opened bars in four first-tier cities in the north, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, the proportion of clean bars has exceeded 70%-the newly opened bars have become smaller and quieter; The other is that light chain bar brands have appeared in various places, and gained a group of loyal fans through the online celebrity effect, such as Shanghai’s road shops and Yanjing community wine shops in Beijing.

Exhibitions and sports also provide more leisure and entertainment options for urban people at night.

Take the entertainment of going to livehouse for example. There are 10 cities with more than 20 Live Houses, and the supply of Shanghai and Beijing is still in an absolute dominant position. Although the performance market has not fully entered the recovery stage in the past year, the performance pattern of the head city still presents its own characteristics-Shanghai and Shenzhen have maintained rich diversity of performance categories, and Beijing’s Quyi performances are unique.

In the index of night activity of urban public transport, we count the night activity range of urban public transport, the average last bus time of subway and the number of active subway stations at night. Taking the number of active subway stations at night as an example, Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Chengdu and Hangzhou are among the best.

In addition, we continue to use the night lighting index to help judge the economic development of the city. Shanghai ranks first and is significantly higher than other cities, followed by Suzhou, Dongguan and Shenzhen.

After years of continuous data monitoring and tracking research, we also found that the development logic of night economy is gradually changing from content-oriented in the past, superimposed with high-quality services and experiences, to scene-oriented.

For example, in the past nightlife, everyone went to a place with a single scene for consumption. Nowadays, more and more nightlife takes place in some innovative fields such as restaurants, cultural centers and waterfront spaces. People can drink, socialize, watch exhibitions and listen to music at the same time, and have a lot of impromptu consumption.

At the same time, night is no longer limited to offline communication. People who wear masks at night, wait in front of the live broadcast room for orders at 123, and people who order take-away food to enjoy supper at home can also be called participants in the night economy. The online content of the night economy is becoming more and more abundant. Through the integration of online and offline scenes, the night economy also covers more people.

At the first Shanghai Nightlife CEO Conference and 24-hour Vibrant City Forum held on June 28th, Zhao Jia, deputy editor-in-chief of CBN and editor-in-chief of CBN magazine, made an in-depth analysis of the above trends. The following is an excerpt from the interpretation report:

The following is the complete result of the nightlife index ranking of cities in 2023:

municipality directly under the Central Government

Shanghai 1

Beijing 2

Chongqing 6

Tianjin 18

Hebei Province

Shijiazhuang 37

Tangshan 58

Handan 76

Baoding 81

Langfang 101

Cangzhou 107

Xingtai 109

Zhangjiakou 217

Qinhuangdao 301

Chengde 321

Hengshui 323

Shanxi province

Taiyuan 44

Changzhi 146

Xinzhou 187

Lvliang 189

Datong 205

Linfen 207

Yuncheng 208

Jinzhong 248

Shuozhou 282

Yangquan 290

Jincheng 302

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Hohhot 61

Bayannur 110

Chifeng 202

Wulanchabu City 206

Ordos 216

Wuhai 249

Xilingol league 258

Baotou 275

Hinggan league 289

Alxa league 295

Tongliao 307

Hulunbeier 313

Liaoning province

Shenyang 31

Dalian 46

Liaoyang 231

Panjin 232

Fushun 241

Huludao 250

Anshan 276

Tieling 284

Chaoyang 286

Yingkou 293

Jinzhou 312

Fuxin 315

Benxi 319

Dandong 328

Jilin province

Changchun 27

Jilin 269

Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture 270

Songyuan 296

Siping 311

Liaoyuan 326

Tonghua 327

Baishan city 329

Baicheng 331

Heilongjiang province

Harbin 41

Heihe 219

Jiamusi 251

Daxinganling region 255

Qiqihar 272

Suihua 274

Daqing 300

Hegang 309

Mudanjiang 314

Jixi 318

Yichun 333

Qitaihe city 334

Shuangyashan 335

Jiangsu Province

Suzhou 8

Nanjing 15

Wuxi 23

Nantong 35

Changzhou 38

Xuzhou 45

Taizhou 53

Yancheng 71

Suqian 77

Yangzhou 83

Zhenjiang 114

Lianyungang 132

Huaian 138

Zhejiang Province

Hangzhou 7

Ningbo 17

Wenzhou 28

Jinhua 34

Jiaxing 39

Taizhou 51

Shaoxing 57

Huzhou 105

Zhoushan 131

Quzhou 168

Lishui 256

Anhui province

Hefei 21

Anqing 30

Wuhu 62

Fuyang 73

Bozhou 89

Chuzhou 92

Bengbu 116

Suzhou 139

Lu ‘an 162

Huaibei 177

Huainan 194

Maanshan 229

Huangshan 230

Tongling 243

Xuancheng 246

Chizhou 303

Fujian Province

Xiamen 19

Fuzhou 24

Quanzhou 26

Zhangzhou 47

Putian 79

Ningde 178

Nanping 179

Sanming 245

Longyan 271

Jiangxi province

Nanchang 36

Ganzhou 85

Shangrao 137

Jiujiang 147

Yichun 200

Ji ‘an 259

Fuzhou 267

Yingtan 280

Xinyu 298

Jingdezhen 305

Pingxiang 325

Shandong Province

Qingdao 22

Jinan 25

Weifang 59

Heze city 69

Linyi 80

Jining 82

Zibo 108

Dongying 148

Dezhou 167

Liaocheng 172

Taian 191

Yantai 192

Binzhou 209

Zaozhuang 220

Rizhao 234

Weihai 252

Henan Province

Zhengzhou 20

Luoyang 48

Xinxiang 56

Nanyang 78

Xinyang 91

Zhoukou 93

Zhumadian 94

Anyang 112

Xuchang 125

Jiaozuo 133

Pingdingshan 134

Shangqiu 145

Kaifeng 154

Puyang 204

Sanmenxia 279

Hebi 281

Luohe 291

Hubei province

Wuhan 11

Jingzhou 97

Xiangyang 151

Huangshi 156

Huanggang 169

Yichang 195

Xiaogan 198

Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 199

Jingmen 233

Shiyan 236

Ezhou 253

Xianning 263

Suizhou 316

Hunan province

Changsha 13

Shaoyang 122

Huaihua 130

Changde 135

Yiyang 170

Hengyang 173

Yueyang 180

Xiangtan 182

Loudi 186

Chenzhou 188

Yongzhou 223

Zhuzhou 228

Zhangjiajie 247

Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 268

Guangdong Province

Shenzhen 3

Guangzhou 4

Dongguan 9

Foshan 10

Zhongshan 32

Huizhou 40

Shantou 43

Jieyang city 49

Zhuhai 50

Jiangmen 54

Zhanjiang 55

Zhaoqing 70

Meizhou 86

Maoming 88

Qingyuan 100

Yangjiang 104

Shanwei 119

Chaozhou 142

Yunfu 226

Heyuan 227

Shaoguan 239

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Nanning 16

Yulin 90

Liuzhou 111

Guilin 120

Qinzhou 144

Bose 155

Guigang 157

Wuzhou 160

Chongzuo 161

Laibin 171

Beihai 185

Fangchenggang 200

Hechi 244

Hezhou 317

Hainan province

Haikou 64

Sanya 176

Danzhou 273

Sansha City 337

Sichuan Province

Chengdu 5

Nanchong 96

Mianyang 103

Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture 118

Leshan 123

Deyang 159

Luzhou 184

Yibin 221

Dazhou 237

Meishan 242

Suining 261

Neijiang 262

Panzhihua 266

Guangyuan 278

Guang ‘an 285

Zigong 287

Bazhong 292

Ziyang 308

Ya ‘an 310

Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture 322

Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 332

Guizhou Province

Guiyang 33

Zunyi 52

Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 72

Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture 98

Bijie 126

Southwest Guizhou Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 152

Anshun 174

Tongren city 196

Liupanshui 260

Yunnan province

Kunming 14

Lijiang 65

Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture 74

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture 75

Zhaotong 87

Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture 99

Qujing 102

Yuxi 106

Dehong autonomous prefecture 117

Weichu 121

Puer 127

Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 136

Lincang 140

Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 153

Baoshan 181

Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture 183

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xigaze city 63

Lhasa 84

Ali region 129

Shannan City 197

Linzhi City 212

Changdu 214

Naqu city 336

Shaanxi province

Xi ‘an 12

Xianyang 66

Yulin 124

Hanzhong 141

Weinan 164

Tongchuan 175

Shangluo 222

Yan ‘an 225

Ankang 254

Baoji 257

Gansu province

Lanzhou 42

Jiayuguan 113

Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture 128

Tianshui 143

Zhangye 150

Jinchang 163

Pingliang 165

Qingyang 166

Baiyin 190

Jiuquan 238

Wuwei 240

Longnan 277

Dingxi 283

Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 330

Qinghai province

Haixi Mongolian Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 210

Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 211

Haidong city 218

Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 224

Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 235

Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 288

Xining 306

Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 320

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Yinchuan 60

Guyuan 203

Zhongwei 264

Shizuishan City 265

Wuzhong 299

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Urumqi 29

Aksu region 67

Hotan area 68

Ilikazak Autonomous Prefecture 95

Kashgar region 115

Altay region 149

Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture 158

Bayinguoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture 193

Tacheng area 213

Hami 215

Karamay 294

Turpan 297

Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture 304

Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture 324

Text/Bai Wuju Vision/Jing Yi

Source: WeChat WeChat official account "New First-tier City Research Institute"

Original title "What’s the next step of urban night economy? | Zhicheng Nightlife Index "